By François Bourguignon, Boris Pleskovic, Yehuda Elkana
This booklet provides papers from the convention on ''Scaling up the good fortune of potential development in monetary schooling and Research,'' which happened in Budapest on the important ecu collage campus. It contains contributions from key researchers, teachers and coverage makers from Europe, the U.S., and constructing international locations that establish and brainstorm on means development demanding situations.
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Extra info for Capacity Building in Economic Education And Research: Lessons Learned And Future Directions
A similar pattern 28 Do small firms matter? occurred in Belgium, France, the United States and Germany and, apparently, also in the later stages of the more recent examples of industrialisation, including those in south-east Asia (see Chapter 9). The belief in the driving role of large firms has been reinforced more recently by their high visibility in the continuing globalisation of economic activity – for example in oil, motor vehicles, aerospace, pharmaceuticals, consumer electronics, computers and other advanced industries.
This risk is higher for small firms, as we demonstrate later. Theory suggests that higher risk should be compensated for by higher returns. MOSKOWITZ & VISSING (2002) make this point and comment that ‘the majority of household investment in private companies is concentrated in a single, risky, privately-held firm in which the household has an active management interest’. The reason why people are willing to invest in risky small firms when they can reasonably expect, despite recent events, to get similar long-term returns from investing in the stock market, is perhaps to be explained by the non-financial rewards discussed earlier in this chapter.
The mass of SMEs are still seen as vestiges of the agricultural, craft-dominated past – indeed, almost as a backward peasantry. The universal persistence of official measures for the support and modernisation of small firms bears witness to the prevailing view that while SMEs are in need of help and are something of a drag on the economy, the real motor of economic growth is large enterprise which can benefit from economies of scale, investment, research and development (R&D) and scientific management.
Capacity Building in Economic Education And Research: Lessons Learned And Future Directions by François Bourguignon, Boris Pleskovic, Yehuda Elkana