By Regina Smyth
Within the early Nineteen Nineties, aggressive elections within the Russian Federation signaled the top to the authoritarian political process ruled through a unmarried political celebration. greater than ten years and lots of elections later, a unmarried occasion led by means of Russian President Vladimir Putin threatens to finish Russia's democratic test. Russia's event with new elections isn't really specified however it does problem latest theories of democratic consolidation via exhibiting that aggressive elections can't warrantly winning democratic consolidation. This ebook explores the stipulations less than which electoral pageant contributes to democratic improvement via studying influence of elections on democratic consolidation.
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Additional resources for Candidate Strategies and Electoral Competition in the Russian Federation: Democracy without Foundation
Countries that hold founding elections with signiﬁcant elite commitment to the regime move toward democracy despite signiﬁcant volatility in their party systems, party organizations, and linkages between mass and elite actors. 2 also reveals four general patterns or consolidation trajectories. Hungary and Poland exemplify the ﬁrst and most successful path: countries that begin and end the consolidation period with a low (consolidated) democratization score. These countries are currently considered consolidated democracies.
The direct effect of the variable is quite modest and operates at the margin of all other effects. It is entirely plausible that the failure to provoke elite commitment in the short term leaves such countries vulnerable to decline in the longer term. Elite commitment to democratic procedures is only the ﬁrst step in activating elections as mechanisms of popular control of government. For democratic deepening to occur, elite and mass actors must choose strategies that forge stable patterns of interest aggregation and representation that embody societal consensus over democratic goals and across trade-offs from efﬁciency to representation.
These questions are not easy for any candidate to answer. Calculations about the viability of electoral platforms or the number of votes a candidate needs to win a seat in parliament are extremely complex. Institutional structure, such as district magnitude or electoral threshold, conveys a good deal of information about candidate viability but also the impact of the rules is impossible to assess without clear information about voters’ preferences. Candidate success also hinges on non-institutional factors such as the number of candidates in the race and the basis of their electoral appeals.
Candidate Strategies and Electoral Competition in the Russian Federation: Democracy without Foundation by Regina Smyth