By Paul Collier, V. L Elliott, Havard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler, Marta Reynal-Querol, Nicholas Sambanis
Civil wars allure less realization than foreign wars yet they're changing into more and more universal and usually move on for years. the place improvement succeeds, nations develop into gradually more secure from violent clash, making next improvement more uncomplicated. the place improvement fails international locations can turn into trapped in a vicious circle: battle wrecks the economic system and raises the danger of extra conflict. This new global financial institution coverage learn document demanding situations the idea that civil wars are inevitable and proposes an schedule for worldwide motion.
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Extra info for Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy (World Bank Policy Research Reports)
4). 4 Psychological trauma Bosnia “It is estimated that the recent war in Bosnia and Herzegovina caused more than 250,000 deaths, created more than 2 million refugees and internally displaced persons, and wounded 200,000 in Bosnia and Herzegovina alone. Recent epidemiologic studies have revealed that the psychiatric morbidity associated with mass violence in civilian and refugee populations is elevated when compared with nontraumatized communities. . ” major depression and 37% showed symptoms associated with the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
The global cost of these social evils has already been astronomical, and they are proving highly persistent. They are hard drugs, AIDS, and international terrorism. The link from civil war to hard drugs is through both production and distribution. The cultivation of hard drugs, coca and opium, nowadays predominantly requires territory that is outside the control of any recognized government. Where territory is under the control of an internationally recognized government it can generally be prevailed upon to enforce anticultivation policies reasonably effectively.
However, hardly any counseling was undertaken to prepare such soldiers to avoid risky behavior as they reintegrated into civilian society. 3). The health system 28 C I V I L WA R A S D E V E L O P M E N T I N R E V E R S E is less likely to detect the diseases associated with HIV/AIDS infection or to screen blood supplies. War also destroys the education system, which makes teaching about prevention more difficult. Finally, in most war or postconflict situations women do not have a choice regarding breastfeeding their babies, thereby increasing the risk of infecting the next generation (Machel 2000).
Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy (World Bank Policy Research Reports) by Paul Collier, V. L Elliott, Havard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler, Marta Reynal-Querol, Nicholas Sambanis