By William Irvine
Among Justice and Politics is a heritage of the 1st fifty years of the Ligue des droits de l'Homme—the League of the Rights of guy. this is often the 1st book-length examine of the Ligue in any language, and it really is trained by means of the lately to be had data of the association. based throughout the Dreyfus Affair, the Ligue took as its mandate the security of human rights in all their kinds. The critical argument of this book—and the purpose on which it differs from all different writings at the subject—is that the Ligue frequently did not dwell as much as its mandate due to its simultaneous dedication to left-wing politics. via the past due Nineteen Thirties the Ligue was once in disarray, and by way of the Forties a couple of its contributors opted to protect the Vichy regime of Marshal Petain.
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Extra info for Between Justice and Politics: The Ligue des Droits de l'Homme, 1898-1945
The high-profile anti-Dreyfusard stance of some segments of the French clergy and deteriorating relations between France and the Vatican ensured that with the 1902 government of Emile Combes, an ex-seminarian, Freemason, and archly anticlerical Radical, separation would become a government priority. Moreover, the text of the resultant law on separation, finally adopted in 1905, was almost entirely the work of the Socialist deputy, Francis de Pressensé. Pressensé’s proposed legislation received, after an extensive discussion, the enthusiastic endorsement of a majority of the members of the Central Committee, thereby profoundly troubling a conservative minority and some of the more prominent leaders of the Protestant community.
After 1916 they were published as separate volumes. Debates of the Central Committee were also regularly published, not quite in stenographic form but with sufficient detail as to reveal to any reader the intensely personal nature of the debates that took place. Only once did the editor note that a debate had become so savagely personal that reproducing it would be inappropriate, although a record would be kept in the League’s archives. 49 Dissenting opinions, including those sharply critical of the League’s leaders, were routinely published, as were a wide variety of articles calculated to offend not only the League’s leaders but also most of its members.
To obtain information about the political reliability of its officers, in 1903 the Minister of War, General André, asked Freemasons to compile elaborate dossiers ( fiches) on officers, commenting on their political and religious views as well as their personal lives and those of their families. The Masonic lodges, an elaborate network of free thinking, republican, and anticlerical Frenchmen (with, it is to the point, intimate links to the League) obligingly provided the War Ministry with an extensive array of information.
Between Justice and Politics: The Ligue des Droits de l'Homme, 1898-1945 by William Irvine