By Conrad Leyser
While barbarians invaded the Roman Empire within the years round four hundred advert, Christian clergymen concealed of their cloisters--or so it is usually assumed. Conrad Leyser exhibits that clergymen within the early medieval West have been, in truth, pioneers within the production of a brand new language of ethical authority. He describes the making of this practice over centuries from St. Augustine to St. Benedict and Gregory the good.
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Additional info for Authority and Asceticism from Augustine to Gregory the Great (Oxford Historical Monographs)
J. Fontaine, ‘L’Ascétisme chrétien dans la littérature gallo-romaine d’Hilaire à Cassien’, in La Gallia Romana, Accademia Nazionale del Lincei (), –; and I. Wood, ‘Avitus of Vienne’ (Oxford Univ. D. Phil. thesis, ). S. Loseby, ‘Marseille and the Pirenne Thesis, I: Gregory of Tours, the Merovingian Kings and “Un grand port”’, in R. Hodges and W. ), The Sixth Century: Production, Distribution and Demand (Leiden, ), –, demonstrates the abiding importance of Marseilles to the Merovingians, a point to be born in mind in the discussion of the ‘Tours/ Lérins’ dichotomy.
More recently, study of Cassian has shifted away from his teaching on monastic institutions towards his analysis of ascetic purity. A tantalizing essay on Cassian’s discussion of nocturnal emissions and their prevention—the outer limits of male celibacy—represents the last published section of Michel Foucault’s unfinished History of Sexuality. 19 This more recent work, however, often shares with traditional patristic scholarship the unnecessary assumption that Cassian wrote for cloistered male communities, and that he was more concerned with probing the depths of the psyche than with the outside world.
Amann, ‘Semi-pélagiens’, art. DTC, , , –; and now R. , ). Revisionist accounts include R. A. Markus, ‘The Legacy of Pelagius: Orthodoxy, Heresy and Conciliation’, in R. ), The Making of Orthodoxy (Cambridge, ), –; and T. Smith, ‘De Gratia’: Faustus of Riez’s Treatise on Grace and Its Place in the History of Theology (Notre Dame, ); Vessey, ‘Opus imperfectum’; C. Leyser, ‘Semi-Pelagianism’, in A. , ), –. 28 Augustine, Ep. . , CSEL , . 29 Markus, End of Ancient Christianity, –, where it is suggested that Cassian’s rebuttal in the Conference followed from papal condemnation of Pelagian views in .
Authority and Asceticism from Augustine to Gregory the Great (Oxford Historical Monographs) by Conrad Leyser