Astrophysics, Clocks and Fundamental Constants - download pdf or read online

By Savely G. Karshenboim, Ekkehard Peik

ISBN-10: 3540219676

ISBN-13: 9783540219675

In 1937 the query of a potential temporal edition of the basic constants used to be raised by way of Paul Dirac in his "large quantity hypothesis." this present day it sounds as if within the context of the quest for a unified concept of the elemental interactions. It touches either primary and utilized physics, because the postulated unalterability of the constants is the root for contemporary metrology. The publication provides reports written via best specialists within the box. Focussing at the query of diversifications of the elemental "constants" in time or area, the chapters disguise the theoretical framework during which adaptations are anticipated and the hunt for diversifications of amounts akin to the fine-structure consistent, the electron/proton mass ratio, g-factors of proton and neutron and so forth. in astrophysical and geophysical observations and in precision experiments with atomic clocks and frequency standards.

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604; S. K. Blau and A. H. , p. 524. 3. B. Okun, Fundamental Units: Physics and Metrology, Lect. Notes Phys. 648, 57–74 (2004) 4. J. Flowers, B. Petley, Constants, Units and Standards, Lect. Notes Phys. 648, 75–93 (2004) 5. B. N. Taylor and T. J. Witt, Metrologia 26, 47 (1989). 6. P. J. Mohr and B. N. Taylor, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 351 (2000). The updated version of ‘Recommended values of fundamental constants’ will hopefully be published in 2004. 7. S. G. Karshenboim, Eprints physics/0306180 and physics/0311080, to be published.

Notes Phys. 648, 189–207 (2004) 11. A. I. Shlyakhter, Nature (London) 264, 340 (1976); T. Damour and F. Dyson, Nucl. Phys. B480, 596 (1994). 12. Y. Fujii, Oklo Constraint on the Time-Variability of the Fine-Structure Constant, Lect. Notes Phys. 648, 167–185 (2004); Y. Fujii, A. Iwamoto, T. Fukahori, T. Ohnuki, M. Nakagawa, H. Hidaka, Y. Oura, and P. Moller, Nucl. Phys. B573, 377 (2000). 13. W. J. Marciano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 489 (1984). 14. J. Marciano, Time Varying Fundamental Constants, Extra Dimensions and the Renormalization Group, Lect.

The spectrum of the CMB. 726 K is the solid line. Fig. 4. A sky map of the CMB as obtained by WMAP. gov. Time and the Universe 27 28 Gerhard B¨ orner Fig. 5. The power spectrum of WMAP. Upper panel: Multipole Component of (∆T /T )2 vs. multiple index. Lower panel: A cross correlation of temperature and polarization variations. gov. the radiation has cooled down to 3000 K the cosmic material acts like a photonbaryon fluid, because of the tight coupling between radiation and matter. 6 eV, and the hydrogen atoms cannot be kept ionised.

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Astrophysics, Clocks and Fundamental Constants by Savely G. Karshenboim, Ekkehard Peik

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