By Peter Trudgill, Richard J. Watts
This groundbreaking assortment explores the ideals and ways to the historical past of English that don't make it into typical textbooks.
Orthodox histories have offered a tunnel model of the background of the English language that is sociologically insufficient. during this e-book a variety of prime foreign students convey how this specialize in ordinary English dialect is to the detriment of these that are non-standard or from different parts of the realm. Alternative Histories of English:
* unearths the variety of attainable 'narratives' approximately how diversified kinds of 'Englishes' could have emerged
* areas emphasis on pragmatic, sociolinguistic and discourse-oriented elements of English instead of the conventional grammar, vocabulary and phonology
* considers varied issues together with South African English, Indian English, Southern Hemisphere Englishes, Early glossy English, women's writing, and politeness.
Presenting a fuller and richer photo of the complexity of the background of English, the members to Alternative Histories of English clarify why English is the varied international language it's at the present time.
Read or Download Alternative Histories of the English Language PDF
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Additional resources for Alternative Histories of the English Language
Urban varieties, from medieval London English onward, are a vital constituent part of the real history of English. In a purely scientific world of objective language scholarship, these developing varieties would have been valued as crucially important in the study of language change, but this ideal world is one that has never existed. 16 Jim Milroy Historicity: the ancient language All languages must have histories in so far as all languages have had some form of existence through time, but only a few languages have attested histories.
N. Bailey in his response (1996: 341) correctly observes that in their argument ‘ideology wins over demonstration’. The picture they paint has a strange air of unreality about it, and the driving force behind it is the same ideology of language that has motivated the conventional historian for well over a century – defence of the pure and ancient language and the continuous, unbroken history. The case has been stated over and over again. This study demonstrates how stubbornly the conventional view on purity and continuity has persisted and how desperately it is still defended.
Even written Old Frisian, if we allow for different spelling conventions, looks very similar to some dialect of Old English. The language of the following thirteenth century Frisian extract is similar to the much earlier Old English of the tenth century: Thet was thet fiarde bod: Thu skalt erian thinne feder and thine moder, thet tu thaes-to laenger libbe [That was the fourth commandment: Thou shalt honour thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest live the longer] (Robinson 1992: 184) If it were possible to assemble a set of similar contemporary early texts from Old Frisian and the four major dialects of Old English and we had no further information about these varieties, it would almost certainly be difficult to say on language-internal grounds alone whether they represented one language or more than one, or where to draw the line between them.
Alternative Histories of the English Language by Peter Trudgill, Richard J. Watts