Read e-book online Alcohol and the Brain: Chronic Effects PDF

By Gerhard Freund (auth.), Ralph E. Tarter Ph.D., David H. van Thiel M.D. (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1475791348

ISBN-13: 9781475791341

ISBN-10: 1475791364

ISBN-13: 9781475791365

Chronic and over the top alcohol intake disrupts a few biologic sys­ tems. imperative anxious process pathology, linked to long-standing alcohol ingestion, has relatively deleterious results to the person. Compro­ mising mind practical integrity eventually militates opposed to psychosocial advert­ justment, and this procedure is necessarily mirrored as a considerable monetary loss to society within the kind of charges for supplying scientific and social companies, in addition to incapacity and absenteeism from paintings. This booklet marshals the literature pertinent to the consequences of persistent alcohol abuse on mind constitution and functioning. the cloth is split into elements: simple examine and medical matters. within the first part, the take place neurologic results are defined around the varied degrees of biologic association, those being mind morphology, neurochemistry, neurophysiology, and neuro­ psychology. In acceptance of the multifactorial etiology of alcohol-related mind pathology, the impact and position of hepatic, endocrine, and dietary elements also are tested. the second one part addresses medical syndromes and dis­ orders. it will likely be famous that facts collected from contemporary study means that neurologic disturbances may very well antedate the onset of consuming in a few alcoholics. different clinically very important concerns mentioned are the results of alcohol on neurologic improvement, getting older, and dementia. The publication concludes with a dialogue of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome, its mechanisms and manifes­ tations. A basic goal of the editors was once to demonstrate that the implications of power alcohol extra should be comprehensively understood in the according to­ spective of interrelated hierarchical platforms of mind organization.

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Extra resources for Alcohol and the Brain: Chronic Effects

Sample text

This discussion of the effects of ethanol on Na + ,K + -ATPase illustrates certain general aspects of ethanol's neurochemical actions. For example, sensitivity of the response to ethanol may arise from particular characteristics of a given system, in this case the ability of NE to modulate enzyme activity. In addition, Na + ,K + -ATPase activity appears to develop "tolerance" to the effects of ethanol, and such tolerance could be related to the altered activity of noradrenergic systems produced by chronic treatment of an animal with ethanol.

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Freund G: The interaction of chronic alcohol consumption and aging on brain structure and function. Alcoholism (NY) 6:13-21, 1982 35. Markwalder T-M: Chronic subdural hematomas: A review. J Neurosurg 54:637-M5, 1981 36. Hachinski VC, Lassen NA, Marshall J: Multi-infarct dementia: A cause of mental deterioration in the elderly. Lancet 2:207-210, 1974 37. Hillbom M, Kaste M: Does ethanol intoxication promote brain infarction in young adults? Lancet 2:1181-1183, 1978 2 Ethanol's Action on Brain Biochemistry PAULA L.

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Alcohol and the Brain: Chronic Effects by Gerhard Freund (auth.), Ralph E. Tarter Ph.D., David H. van Thiel M.D. (eds.)

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