By Catherine Chan-Halbrendt, Jean Fantle-Lepczyk
This ebook offers significant demanding situations and possibilities dealing with agriculture sectors within the wake of the transition from a deliberate to marketplace economic system. utilizing Albania as a case research, it examines the shift from communism to loose markets and the lasting results of such swap on agricultural construction and schooling. utilizing basic examine assets to offer readers a correct portrayal of the trail that lies forward for lots of constructing nations, the booklet additionally seems to be on the way forward for agriculture in transitioning economies.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Markets in a Transitioning Economy: An Albanian Case Study
Moreover, compared with the urban population, rural inhabitants are much more linked to customary rules, particularly systems of laws dating back to the 15th–16th centuries known as the Canun. The Canun is a common system of written rules for social and economic livelihood. Though these rules became obsolete in the communist years, during the transition, with the weakening of the rule of law, the practices were reactivated in rural areas, and still coexist within the population, and shape the way that the population deals with the everyday management of assets.
Albanian land ownership by area during the period 1950–1990 in thousand ha. Source: INSTAT, 1991. Year State farms Cooperatives Peasant home plots 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 13 21 357 65 330 62 124 454 21 151 532 19 170 504 30 22 E. Zhllima and F. Guri mainly created on land that had formerly belonged to religious institutions, nationalized foreign agricultural enterprises, or large landowners, or on land made productive after continuing improvements (irrigation and desalinization) under the regime.
In contrast, in the mountainous areas, mostly in northeast Albania, the fragmentation was a result of the harsh and remote land situation, but the land rights insecurity is less evident as the land was distributed according to the will of the villages, based on the pre-1945 rights. However, the extent and history of fragmentation and landownership insecurity vary even among villages of the same region, from both the southwest to the northeast area of the country (Kodderitzsch, 1999). This is related to how communities accepted and implemented the land reform program, and to the criteria used to merge the land reform rules with the established rules inherited from the pre-communist times.
Agricultural Markets in a Transitioning Economy: An Albanian Case Study by Catherine Chan-Halbrendt, Jean Fantle-Lepczyk