By Stefan Andreasson
Orthodox suggestions for socio-economic improvement have failed spectacularly in Southern Africa. Neither the developmental nation nor neoliberal reform turns out capable of offer an answer to Africa's problems. In Africa's improvement deadlock, Stefan Andreasson analyses this failure and explores post-development alternatives. the post-independence histories of Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa, the publication exhibits 3 varied examples of this failure to beat the debilitating colonial legacy. Andreasson then argues that it's now time to resuscitate post-development theory's problem to traditional development. In doing this, he claims, we are facing the big problem of translating post-development into real politics for a sustainable destiny and utilizing it as a discussion approximately what the goals and aspirations of post-colonial societies could become. This very important fusion of concept with new empirical examine could be crucial analyzing for college kids of improvement politics and Africa.
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Extra resources for Africa's Development Impasse: Rethinking the Political Economy of Transformation
Similarly, N. Alexander’s (2003) An Ordinary Country somewhat dejectedly outlines post-apartheid South Africa’s move from a transition during which hopes for a better future are soon tempered by the turning of politicians to the politics of private interest ( justified by reference to a Machiavellian nature of ‘real world’ politics) and the increasing obsession with making the most of the few opportunities that exist rather than aspiring to a fundamental restructuring of society to thereby create opportunities for the many.
These trajectories constitute the empirical manifestation of what Seers (1963) termed the ‘general case’ of persistent underdevelopment in the Third World which ran counter to the expectations of modernization theory. This general case stands in sharp contrast to the unique experience of broad-based development in the post-Second World War European social democracies and East Asian ‘tigers’ (a window of opportunity now likely closed to the poorest and most unevenly developed countries), constituting Seers’s ‘special case’ One from which neoclassical economists have been all too prone to draw conclusions about how economies work in general.
The elite orientation of policy-making in southern Africa has produced a state of ‘virtual democracy’ ( Joseph 1999; Andreasson 2003), from which emanate policies aimed primarily at satisfying narrow economic interests rather than broadly developmental ones. Such policy-making will continue to exacerbate problems of uneven development, social breakdown and environÂ�mental degradation, which in turn further diminishes the likelihood of a better future for those most desperately in need of one. 22 Serious debate on the role of capitalism in a liberated southern Africa, and the degree to which capital is required to contribute to socio-economic development and transformation, is fraught with difficulty and risk for capitalists and political elites alike, as the consequences of initial demands for economic justice and land reform spiralling out of control owing to a combination of irresponsible populist rhetoric, political opportunism, capitalist obfuscation and outright thuggery in Zimbabwe have shown.
Africa's Development Impasse: Rethinking the Political Economy of Transformation by Stefan Andreasson