By Michael Lynch
The Access to History sequence is the preferred and depended on sequence for AS- and A-level heritage scholars. the hot variants mix all of the strengths of this well-loved sequence with a brand new layout and contours that let all scholars entry to the content material and learn talents had to in attaining examination luck. This name attracts on content material from the bestselling titles Reaction and Revolution: Russia, 1894-1924 and Bolshevik and Stalinist Russia, 1918-56. it's been thoroughly revised and up-to-date to compare the 2008 OCR AS specification and is now concerned about the interval from 1894 to 1941. It starts off with the location in Russia less than Tsar Nicholas II after which is going directly to research the reasons and results of the 1905 and 1917 revolutions, the Bolshevik fight to realize strength, and the eventual upward thrust of Stalin. The political, fiscal, and social advancements via this era and the results of those are explored and analyzed all through. through the booklet key dates, phrases, and concerns are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and suggestions written via an examiner for the OCR specification give you the chance to strengthen examination abilities.
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Extra info for Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia 1894-1941
R. A rgu mur R. A n Nikolaevsk Khabarovsk UR IA Tsitsihar ri Harbin Vladivostok R. Mukden Su na CHINA Peking alu Sea of Japan R. 8: Map showing the main areas of the Russo-Japanese war. The final humiliation for Russia came at sea. The Russian Baltic fleet, dispatched to the Far East in 1904, took eight months to reach its destination, only to be blown out of the water immediately on its arrival by the Japanese fleet at Tsushima in May 1905. Such defeats obliged the tsarist government to make peace.
The soviets began as organisations to represent the workers’ demands for better conditions, but their potential as bases for political agitation was immediately recognised by revolutionaries. Leon Trotsky, who was a leading Menshevik at this time, became chairman of the St Petersburg soviet and organiser of several strikes in the capital. The October Manifesto, 1905 • • • • the creation of a legislative duma freedom of speech, assembly and worship the right of political parties to exist the legalising of trade unions.
5. 5: Duma election results Party or group 1st Duma 1906 2nd Duma 1907 3rd Duma 1907–12 4th Duma 1912–17 18 – – 136 182 17 27 8 60 – 448 47 – 37 104 91 42 28 10 93 50 502 – 19 – 13 54 154 28 147 26 – 441 – 15 – 10 53 95 41 154 22 42 432 Key terms SDs (Mensheviks) SDs (Bolsheviks) SRs Labourists Kadets Octobrists Progressists Rightists National parties Others Total Key question The first duma, April–June 1906 Why was the first duma unsuccessful? The high hopes of the liberals that the granting of the duma marked a real constitutional advance were dashed even before it first met.
Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia 1894-1941 by Michael Lynch