Download e-book for kindle: AASHTO guide for design of pavement structures, 1993 by American Association of State Highway and Transportation

By American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

ISBN-10: 1615838627

ISBN-13: 9781615838622

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Extra resources for AASHTO guide for design of pavement structures, 1993

Sample text

By decomposing everything into pieces we can even create new entry points, as we have already discussed with the five whys method. • The artifact can be seen working even if we are not watching it directly. The artifact is not expensive: • The artifact is manufactured with an industrial production process. • The artifact is manufactured with common materials. • The artifact does not require unique working or assembling processes. The artifact is safe in use: • The artifact does not cause electromagnetic interference.

It also calls for a constant overview of the work, in order to guarantee the necessary rigor and control that will lead to the final outcome. At this point, a caveat is obligatory: in some contexts, such as the building of the Fallingwater house, “being in control” is an illusion. What would happen if, halfway through a project, you realize that you are going down a completely wrong path? Would it make sense to go on and “successfully” carry out a totally faulty Management of a Project and useless plan?

The result is a combination of function and form that represents a problem: while it is somehow possible to measure the functionality of an artifact, it is more difficult to find a formula or a criterion to evaluate its look and beauty. Chapter 5: From Idea to Project 29 The Design Process Expert designers do not need to generate all of the possible solutions and combinations; just like an experienced chess player excludes a series of possible moves because he already knows that they will lead him to an unfavorable position, the designer “knows” which partial solutions to exclude beforehand in a given context and which combinations can work better than others.

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AASHTO guide for design of pavement structures, 1993 by American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials


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