By J. Keating
The background of adoption from 1918-1945, detailing the increase of adoption, the expansion of adoption societies and contemplating the expanding emphasis on secrecy in adoption. Analyses adoption legislation from legalization in 1926, to rules and reform within the Thirties, with rules ultimately being enforced in 1943 amid challenge approximately informal wartime adoptions.
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Additional info for A Child for Keeps: The History of Adoption in England, 1918–45
An advertisement which Mrs Waters had been regularly inserting in a weekly newspaper stated: Adoption—A good home, with a mother’s love and care, is offered to any respectable person wishing her child to be entirely adopted. 59 It is little wonder that ‘adoption’ gained slightly sinister overtones. This case, and other contemporary baby farming cases, received a great deal of publicity and the movement for legislation to prevent the 24 A Child for Keeps practice, led by concerned doctors, gained momentum.
Although they concentrated mainly on bringing children up in residential homes, by 1892 they were ‘boarding out’ or fostering younger children with ‘approved families’. 3 The Salvation Army’s witness to the Hopkinson Committee in 1920, Commissioner Adelaide Cox, said that the Army had arranged about five hundred adoptions in the previous thirty years. The witness for Dr Barnardo’s, Dr Margaret Hudson, was adamant that the only form of adoption occurring through her organisation was where the foster parents with whom they had placed children grew so fond of their charges that they decided to maintain them without pay from Dr Barnardo’s, but both she and Commissioner Cox also described the wide-scale emigration of children to the colonies, mainly Canada and Australia, organised through their agencies.
However the main children’s charities did quietly organise some adoptions. The National Children’s Home and Orphanage organised a limited form of adoption from 1869. Although they concentrated mainly on bringing children up in residential homes, by 1892 they were ‘boarding out’ or fostering younger children with ‘approved families’. 3 The Salvation Army’s witness to the Hopkinson Committee in 1920, Commissioner Adelaide Cox, said that the Army had arranged about five hundred adoptions in the previous thirty years.
A Child for Keeps: The History of Adoption in England, 1918–45 by J. Keating