By Hannah Gilligan, David M. Venesy, Fredric D. Gordon
Even if you or a relative are present process an organ transplant or contemplating or making plans the surgical procedure, this e-book deals support. a hundred Questions & solutions approximately Liver, middle, and Kidney Transplantation: A Lahey health facility advisor offers authoritative, useful solutions on your questions about organ transplants. This finished advisor presents assets of help from either the health care provider s and sufferer s viewpoints. a useful source for an individual dealing with the actual and emotional turmoil of an organ transplant!
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Extra info for 100 Questions & Answers About Liver, Heart, and Kidney Transplantation: A Lahey Clinic Guide
Blood is a liquid and always tries to find the path of least resistance. This pathway may be around the liver rather than through the liver. In fact, one of the natural alternative routes circumventing the liver is through the vessels in the esophagus and stomach. These vessels typically carry a small amount of blood at low pressure. When the pressure in these vessels increases, they can rupture, causing a massive hemorrhage, vomiting of blood, and loss of consciousness. QXP 6/18/10 1:58 PM Page 52 100 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT LIVER, HEART, AND KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION Variceal bleeding is treated with intravenous medications, with endoscopy, and later with pills called betablockers.
In this condition the liver is no longer capable of performing all its normal functions. Complications that people with decompensated cirrhosis may experience include bleeding varicose veins (varices) in the esophagus or stomach, accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites), yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice), and confusion due to the liver’s inability to clear toxins from the blood (hepatic encephalopathy). 34. What is portal hypertension? To understand portal hypertension, one must first have a working knowledge of the normal blood flow into and out of the liver (Figure 5).
When patients are diagnosed with cirrhosis, endoscopic evaluation of the esophagus is necessary to assess for the presence of varices. During an endoscopy, the gastroenterologist administers intravenous sedation. The patient’s throat is sprayed with a numbing medication to prevent gagging. An endoscope is then passed through the mouth and into the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (first part of the small intestine). An endoscope is a long tube with a 1/4-inch caliber. On the end of the tube are a bright light and a tiny camera.
100 Questions & Answers About Liver, Heart, and Kidney Transplantation: A Lahey Clinic Guide by Hannah Gilligan, David M. Venesy, Fredric D. Gordon